Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Inequality In The Criminal Justice System Research - 1100 Words

Inequality In The Criminal Justice System Research (Research Proposal Sample) Content: Inequality in the criminal justice systemNameInstitutionInequality in the criminal justice systemStatement of objectivesDo African American stereotypes play with the racial profiling by the law enforcement? Is there structural inequality in our justice system? Today, when we read the newspapers or watch the news, we can note that they portray most criminals as Hispanics or African Americans. The objective of this research is to establish the extent of inequality in the justice system, especially for African-American and Hispanic people. The study seeks to answer the following questions: Do African American Males commit more crimes than their White counterparts? Does the criminal justice system treat them fairly? What factors lead to the involvement in offenses by the African American males? The research will help answer these questions to finally find out if the black people commit more crimes than the whites and whether racism plays a bigger role in the justice syste m than we perceive.Literature reviewThere are more African American males are incarcerated and arrested more than the White or Hispanic men. The Bureau of Justice Statistics in 2010 shows that the black imprisonment rate was 3166 per 100,000 black males in the United States. It also indicates that they are, in fact, incarcerated seven times more that the Whites. The Sentencing Project website, on the other hand, reports that if the current trends go on, one in three African Americans could expect to spend time in prison or jail (Kerby, 2012). Most of the population in correctional institutions contains Hispanics and Blacks. It also suggests that even when arrested without conviction, they still face the consequences that accompany the process. These include benefits from the government for the poor, problems with getting education and jobs and getting housing.In addition to this, there seem to be disparities in drug sentencing in the African American community. The war on drugs in A merica is a war on the poor and the minorities (Kain, 2011). Kain reports that sixty percent black males go to jail on more drug related charges which are fourteen times higher than Whites. The National Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) states that fourteen million and three million blacks use illegal drugs. However, the African-American males are more likely to be sent to prison than White men. The shocking truth is that the blacks serve a lot more time in jail on drug-related charges than the Whites do for violent delinquencies. In this research, however, there is no proof of blacks selling or using more drugs than the Whites. It is easier for the police make arrests in the black neighborhoods than trying to find drug deals in the White communities.Racial profiling, according to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), is a discriminatory practice by the law enforcement targeting individuals for crimes based on their religion, race or ethnicity (ACLU, 2012). It also states that racial profiling disregards our constitution directly. The organization says that profiling makes people live in fear in certain areas and has made some communities appear suspect. African American citizens are more likely to be stopped by the police that the Whites. Rushing found out that the black communities were over-policed. He shares an experience where he noticed that there were police cars stationed after about one hundred meters. In the book, he shares a story where he rode along with a police officer in the black community (Rushing, 2011). He stopped more African-American than white people for over speeding. Stereotypes exist that black males are less intelligent, violent, aggressive, thieves and most of their activities include sports and sex, even in our criminal justice system. Recently, there have been cases of the reckless shooting of black people by police officers which have led to protests on the streets and social media.Rushing, in one of his b ooks, writes that he wants law enforcement to stop racial profiling (Rushing, 2011). He also states that black Americans are eight times more likely to be questioned by the police that the Whites. He says that this problem is due to the weak social and crime policies enacted, which essentially legalize discrimination. When incarcerated, African American citizens continue to encounter racism and prejudice in the prison and court system. Moreover, Blacks are more likely to face longer sentences than their White allies. Kerby reports that these jail terms are 10 percent longer that the Whites', even for similar crimes. In addition to this, he states that they lose most of their fundamental civil rights and face disparities with wages after their release from prison (Kerby, 2012). Structured inequality continues to be problem in the justice system and continues to be the subject of outrage, especially in the affected communitySubjects for studyThis research concentrates mostly on severa l neighborhoods, courts and prisons in Atlanta. The reason for this is to focus the research on specific areas instead of collecting data from many states, which would be challenging and expensive to gather. The study focuses on respondents from different backgrounds so as to provide fair results and does not concentrate on getting any single or multiple representations.MethodologyQuestionnaires. The research will be carried out in prisons, courts, and some neighborhoods in Atlanta. Based on the specified sampling, prisoners, police officers, and court officials will voluntarily fill questionnaires. The participation in this research will be voluntary to avoid a situation where respondents give their answers inaccurately due to the fear of facing repercussions. The surveys contain a broad range of questions which will help achieve the research objectives.Interviews. The study will use personal and archival interviews as a method of data collection. The researchers will gather Archiv al data from journal articles, newspapers and political documents such as legislations and policies. The qualitative data collected through interviews will include perspectives of stakeholders on the criminal justice system in Atlanta. These respondents include community advocates and l...

Thursday, May 21, 2020

The History of the Water Wheel

The water wheel is an ancient device that uses flowing or falling water to create power by means of paddles mounted around a wheel. The force of the water moves the paddles, and the consequent rotation of the wheel is transmitted to machinery via the shaft of the wheel. The first reference to a water wheel dates back to around 4000 BCE. Vitruvius, an engineer who died in 14 CE, has been credited with creating and using a vertical water wheel during Roman times. The wheels were used for crop irrigation and grinding grains, as well as to supply drinking water to villages. In later years, they drove sawmills, pumps, forge bellows, tilt-hammers, and trip hammers, and even powered textile mills. The water wheel was likely the first method of mechanical energy developed to replace the work of humans and animals. Types of Water Wheels There are three main types of water wheels. One is the horizontal water wheel: Water flows from an aqueduct and the forward action of the water turns the wheel. Another is the overshot vertical water wheel, in which water flows from an aqueduct and the gravity of the water turns the wheel. Finally, the undershot vertical water wheel works by being placed in a stream and turned by the rivers natural motion. The First Water Wheels The first water wheels were horizontal and can be described as grindstones mounted atop vertical shafts whose vaned or paddled lower ends dipped into a swift stream. But as early as the first century, the horizontal water wheel—which was terribly inefficient in transferring the power of the current to the milling mechanism—was replaced by water wheels of the vertical design. Water Wheel Uses and Developments Water wheels were most often used to power different types of mills. A combination of the water wheel and mill is called a watermill. An early horizontal-wheeled watermill used for grinding grain in Greece was called the Norse Mill. In Syria, watermills were called noriahs.† They were used for running mills to process cotton into cloth. In 1839, Lorenzo Dow Adkins of Perry Township, Ohio received a patent for another water wheel innovation, the spiral-bucket water wheel. The Hydraulic Turbine The hydraulic turbine is a modern invention based on the same principles as the water wheel. It’s a rotary engine that uses the flow of fluid—either gas or liquid—to turn a shaft that drives machinery. Flowing or falling water strikes a series of blades or buckets attached around a shaft. The shaft then rotates and the motion drives the rotor of an electric generator. Hydraulic turbines are used in hydroelectric power stations.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Impact Of Television On Our Future Generations

Summar, Alyssa Professor Cavender ENGL-1020 February 11, 2015 The Impact of Television on our Future Generations â€Å"People are sheep. TV is the shepherd.† (Jess C. Scott, Literary Heroin) This quote has more than one truth to it. In today’s society, we rely on television for entertainment, whether that be good or bad. Television acts as a positive as well as a negative influence. According to Statistic Brain, the average person spends approximately 9 years watching TV in their lifetime. In addition, the average youth spends 900 hours per year watching TV. Following these strong statistics, I think it can be notably said that the television can make a grand impression on the personality and character of a human, not to mention the alteration of their family values. In today’s culture, we tend to watch shows that portray negative images on our values and morals. One of these shows is Thicker than Water, aired on Bravo network. However, there are also television shows based upon good morals and values. A show in particular would be Duck Dynasty, aired on AE network. Reality shows often show the happenings in our everyday society and culture. They help portray the image that each person hold different values, as well as the image of the influence they have on their viewers. I think as a network that airs these shows, you should be worried about those images you’re placing upon children today because that makes our future. As we think of shows that stray away from good moralsShow MoreRelatedTechnology Is A Bad Thing1648 Words   |  7 Pages If our ancestors would be alive, they would think it is a completely different place. Many consumers believe that technology is a bad thing because they see the ugly side of change. Most people if not all simply do not want to accept it or perhaps they notice those consumers who make mistakes and abuse technology. Despite it being an unseen act of technology, society is continuously changing to uphold a set of standards never before held for the sake of th e future. We witness generations graspingRead MoreFashion in the 1950s1437 Words   |  6 Pagesto choose their future freely. Due to the massive recover of the economy, the technological advancement allowed mass production of clothing in the fifties. As the economies of the world expanded and the living standard and income level of the people were improving after the war, the European societies had started to embrace the mass consumption culture hence leaded a new trend for accessing consumer goods which one of them is the television. Nearly every family owned a television at their place andRead MoreMusic Is An Art, Music, And Music1494 Words   |  6 Pagesa language we all understand.† Music can change our moods, bring up emotions, and trigger memories. 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Every new generation has a role in the future of our country, as they fill the gaps of other people that can’t workRead MoreThe Medias Ability to Control Our View of the World Essay947 Words   |  4 PagesWith the coming of television and the internet, are we or are we not a more informed community? (Orwell, 1984) Essentially, this statement requires a profound study in order to determine the impact of news media ability to control the agenda and ultimately impact our view of t he world. First, let us differentiate these two sources of communication because there is a major difference between television and internet as a mass media communicating tool. Television focuses more on broadRead MoreTechnology Has Made A Huge Impact On Our World1415 Words   |  6 PagesIn the past fifty years, technology has made such a huge impact on our world. Back when each specific piece of technology was created, things like refrigerators, televisions, cellular phones and etc. used to be luxuries but now they are necessities. Although this does not seem like too much of a problem to us humans, the constant updating of technology is a factor as to why we neglect nature. Both of my parents were raised spending sunrise to sunset outside. They both played with neighborhood kidsRead MoreThe Decline Of Social Skills Amongst Counterintelligence Agents1507 Words   |  7 PagesDecline of Social Skills Amongst Counterintelligence Agents When the un-indoctrinated person pictures a Counterintelligence Agent, many times images of James Bond or â€Å"The Americans† television show may enter their head. Individuals in the intelligence community know this is a misconception brought on by movies, television and adventure novels. A better example of a proper Counterintelligence Agent might be Fred Rogers (also known as Mister Rogers). An unassuming/nonthreatening person, whose friendlyRead MoreThe Effects Of Parental Corporal Punishment On Children1499 Words   |  6 Pagesthat talks about young children and their eyes being glued to screens. Many articles have different purposes of why children are so addict to an in motion screen, but Marcia Eckerd found the problem and solution to why this is a number one cause in our world today. There are creative ways in children that makes their mind wonder in a way to pay more attention to what is going on in the community and how to learn from it. Technology can be a pro and con of letting your child learn their way throughRead MoreEssay about Technology Helpful or Hurtful653 Words   |  3 Pagesfamily television is one of the oldest, most loved pastimes, and is thought to be one the greatest inventions. By the push of a button a person can leave their problematic life and live the perfect one of their favorite soap star, action hero or villain. In other words, with the push of a button a person is simply taken out of reality. Pete Hamill, the author of the article, Crack and the Box, dives further into the effects of the invention of the television and influence it has the generation raisedRead MoreSexism in the Minds of the Youth Essay917 Words   |  4 Pagesheavily impacted by their ridiculous body images of both men and women. The impact that video games are having on its users starts as young as 10 when most kids start to play video games. This number has declined about 7 years( Luke Plunnet Kotaku) Although they seem meaningless and jus t part of the story, components of video games can actually have a lasting effect on the minds of children leaving the future generation to be one thats racist and disrespectful to women. As males are projected as

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Police, And The Constitutional Rights Of Suspects

You are the newly appointed Chief of Police in a metropolitan community. Some members of your community are concerned about excessive† use of force by the police. What strategies would you implement to ensured your community will be safe, excessive force will not be used by the police, and the constitutional rights of suspects will be honored. As the newly appointed Chief of police, it is my job to ensure that the community feels that their concerns are addressed. I feel that the first thing to do is hold a city hall meeting for a question and answer. This would not only give me a better idea of what the community is wanting from the police in the community and it would also allow the community to know how the police force operates and how we should be operating. After holding the city hall meeting, I feel that the next best step would be implanting strategies that the community asked about, after doing some research on such strategies. I held my own little poll on my Facebook (I will call this the city hall meeting) asking what kind of things my family and friends think the police community should use to ensure the constitutional rights of suspects and the community would still be safe. The most common response was the use of body cameras and dash cameras being on at all times. That there should not be any pauses in the video feed. So one question I asked to them (the community), was if we had the use of body cameras and dash cameras, would the benefits outweigh theShow MoreRelatedCustodial Interrogation828 Words   |  3 PagesThe statement made by the suspect regarding Youre having a bad day ¦ man, I cant believe they found my strap (firearm) is completely inadmissible. The reason is founded in basic criminal law: the suspect had not ye t been read his Miranda rights. Although statements made by a suspect who was not given the Miranda warning or received it improperly cannot be used against him in a court of law (Siegel, 2009). The Miranda warning serves to inform a suspect of their rights to remain silent, what happensRead MoreTechniques of Interrogation992 Words   |  4 Pages Techniques of Interrogation One of the best training programs to implement into the police department is the Reid interrogation techniques. Interrogation and interviewing techniques became popular in 1947 by John E. Reid and Associates. Joseph P. Buckley stated that â€Å"The Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation is now the most widely used approach to question subjects in the world (Buckley P. J., 2000).† There three- parts to the ReidRead MoreThe Police Procedure Stop And Frisk Essay1581 Words   |  7 PagesThe police procedure stop and frisk is a highly controversial topic in society. In order for the officer to initiate the procedure, he or she needs reasonable suspicion or probable cause that meet minimal legal requirements. People that have been stop and frisked may wonder if the procedure is discriminatory towards race, since a majority of people stopped are minorities, or if the procedure is against ones constitutional rights that are protected by the amendments, or if the procedure is effectiveRead MoreEssay on SHOCK INCARCERATION1734 Words   |  7 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;You have the right to remain silent, anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to speak to an attorney, and to have an attorney present during police questioning, if you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed to you by the state. These words have preceded every arrest since Miranda v. Arizona 1966, informing every detained person of his rights before any type of formal police questioning begins. This issue has beenRead MoreEssay on The Miranda Decision1524 Words   |  7 Pagesestablished law in the area of police interrogation. Prior to Miranda, a confession would be suppressed only if a court determined it resulted from some actual coercion, threat, or promise. The Miranda decision was intended to protect suspects of their 5th Amendment right of no self-incrimination. The verdict of Miranda v. Arizona is an efficient way of informing criminal suspects of their rights established by the Constitution, allowing un-Constitutional confessions to be nullinvoid inRead More Tennessee v. Garner 1985 Essay802 Words   |  4 PagesFacts:  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  On October 3, 1974, Memphis Police Officers Hymon and Wright were dispatched to answer a â€Å"prowler inside call.† When the police arrived at the scene, a neighbor gestured to the house where she had heard glass breaking and that someone was breaking into the house. While one of the officer radioed that they were on the scene, the other officer went to the rear of the house hearing a door slam and saw someone run across the backyard. The suspect, Edward Garner stopped at a 6-feet-high fenceRead MoreThe Fourth Amendment Of The United States Constitution1747 Words   |  7 Pagesunreasonable unless it is classified as per the law, by determining whether there was: a) the level of intrusion of the individuals Fourth Amendment, and b) whether or not it pertains to the government’s interest, such as safety of the public. The right to protection against unreasonable searches and seizures is associated with two types of warrants: a) Arrest warrant: When probable cause is established that a person has committed a certain illegal act, a written order is then issued by authorityRead MoreCrime Control And The Criminal Justice System1578 Words   |  7 Pages Murderers Let Free Casey Anthony is innocent. Or is she? 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The suspect, Edward Garner stopped at a 6-feet-highRead MoreMiranda Warnings And The Miranda Warning976 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Movie and TV shows often depict crime with a police officer handcuffing a suspect and warning him that he has the right to remain silent. While those warnings may appear clear-cut, almost 1 million criminal cases may be compromised each year in the United States at the 119th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association.†(Rogers, 2011) The Miranda warning, also known as the Miranda rights, is impor tant and in place to inform people of their rights upon arrest. Everyone should have knowledge

Essay about Grumpy Old Men - 1086 Words

Georgina Martin GM, 6 Grumpy Old Men Assignment Grumpy Old Men Assignment The movie â€Å"Grumpy Old Men† starring Jack Lemon and Walter Matthau, portrays aging in its highs and lows through humor to soften the ageism put on the last stages of life. It exposes the disengagements, actions and social emotions of the second half of life from a development process. John Gustafson (Jack Lemon) spends a lot of time in his home alone playing chess. His mornings outside of the holidays consist of ice fishing in his own house careen; his nights in front of the television eating TV dinners alone.†¦show more content†¦Activity theory of aging suggest that when elderly people interact with the community and include activities in their daily routine they are their happiest (Baird, 2011, p. 187). Ariel stated that â€Å"everyone need some form of release† (Lemmon, 1995). The men had a sense of humor but were grumpy towards each other and the life they were living before they met Ariel. They would joke about their health issues, finances, and constantly pranked one another. It wasn’t until after they met Ariel that they smiled, laughed, danced and kept up with their personal hygiene. Max was happier fishing with Ariel than he was when he fished alone. And John was happier when he was riding on the snowmobile and making snow angles with Ariel than he was playing chest by himself. â€Å"Life course theories generally represent a set of three principles. First, the forms of aging and life course structures depend on the nature of the society in which individuals participate. Second, while social interaction is seen as having the greatest formative influence in the early part of life, such interaction retains crucial importance throughout the life course. Third, that social forces exert regular influences on individuals of all ages at any given point in time† (Theories of Aging. (n.d.)). The movie portrays aging being more about living the rest of life rather than dyeing in them. As John and Ariel spend more time together John realize that life was betterShow MoreRelatedEssay on Older Adults in the Media773 Words   |  4 Pages Grumpy Old Men The story is about two retired older men named John Gustafson and Max Goldman. The two have been friends since they were children. They are constantly playing pranks on each other and giving each other a hard time. The audience finds out that the reason the two fight is because a long time ago John won the heart of the woman Max wanted. Their antics get even crazier when an adventurous single woman moves into the house across the street named Ariel. The two men fawnRead MoreDr. Ethos, The Chief Resident Of A Hospital1591 Words   |  7 Pageshospital is faced with a dilemma. He needs to figure out what to do in the following scenario. A mean, cranky old man walks into the hospital. The old man is complaining about a painful toothache and through his relentless complaining, he is seen by Dr. Ethos. In the middle of the old man’s examination, the doctor is immediately paged to different room. In that room, there are ten young men and woman, between the ages of 15 and 3 5; they desperately need different organs to be able to survive. TheseRead MoreMovie Analysis of Secohand Lions981 Words   |  4 Pageshidden on their land. Relatives and strangers hope to find or inherit some of the cash. Both uncles are reluctant to have Walter at their home and view him as a nuisance. Uncle Garth beings to tell Walter tails of him and Hub’s adventures as young men serving in the French Foreign Lesion during World War I. Uncle Hub is a wild character, who seems to be desperately trying to hold onto his youth and prove that he is still as strong and capable as ever. After getting into a fight with several teenagersRead MoreEssay on Travel Writing584 Words   |  3 Pagesup in the bar area. A few hours later, I was in my room settling in. I had a quick shower, got changed and went out exploring. As soon as I had set foot out of the hotel premises, roughly three fairly large (as in obese) coloured, men approached me, squabbling on in what sounded like Spanish. One had a cardboard tray full of stale doughnuts, while the other two were trying to get my attention with what looked to be an expensive amount of jewellery. I barged my throughRead MoreModern Family Vs. Present Family Essay1233 Words   |  5 Pagesback in the â€Å"good old days†. It has been more than 50 years and there are still current shows today that portray a perfect family, in different ways. The American television series, â€Å"Modern Family† portrays one big perfect straight, gay, diverse, traditional family. These televisions hit series are informing the audience how a perfect family is supposed to be but some in a positive way and others in a negative way. Well, the real answer is that the 1950s were not the â€Å"good old days†. For exampleRead MorePersonal Narrative : My Life Was Perfect1589 Words   |  7 Pagesthe sun began to set, we were hoping for anything, a rabbit would do, a small deer would be great. We knew however that nothing would appear as the sun finally settled below the horizon. It was too dark to safely set up camp, and all of the wood my men found was damp. I left on my own to see if there was a dry patch further away when I stumbled on a house. I knocked on the door, intending to ask if I could stay, until I looked up. There I saw at least ten small animals perched on the windowsill, rabbitsRead MoreOn Golden Pond1599 Words   |  7 Pagesdrama, it was relatable to the audience, prompting personal reactions as well as implementing life examples of some of the theories studied in Malone’s class. Perhaps the most significant character, Norman Thayer is a force to be reckoned with. A grumpy old miser, Norman may appear at times to not fully be capable of taking care of himself; however, he is still very sharp. Norman demonstrates Erikson’s last stage, termed Late Adulthood, which features the issue of integrity versus despair. A personRead MoreTrue Friendship in John Steinbeck ´s Of Mice and Men921 Words   |  4 Pagesbehavior that could be lethal to others? This was the daily life and burden of George in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck. George and Lennie are great friends that are two migrant workers in California during the 1920s. George is physically a small man that takes care Lennie. Lennie is unaware of his largeness and strength that has a gentle heart and likes to pet soft things. The story begins when the two men are dropped off by a bus two miles away from the destination of the farm they are going to workRead MoreThe Different Types of Messages and Representations Television Media Communicates about Older Adulthood1107 Words   |  5 Pagesolder adults are treated and portrayed in on-screen media? Most people who watch television have started to notice the quantity and quality of older adult characters over the years. During the era of television shows such as The Golden Girls, older men and women were almost always in a featured role. They were also portrayed in a positive light. As years have passed, older adults are becoming less frequent in on screen media such as television. When they are cast as characters, they are portrayedRead MoreHumor And Its Effect On My Life999 Words   |  4 Pagesvideos of animals. For example, I love watching the Narcoleptic Dog video or the videos of the Dachshunds in costumes. I absolutely love animals therefore, any positive videos associated with animals are my favorite. I also love the Grumpy Cat memes. I found the Grumpy Cat memes to be so funny that one of my friends got me a stuffed animal of him. Animal videos make me laugh, however the best part is they make me feel happy. Similarly to watching videos on Youtube or on any other social media, I love

The Simpsons Free Essays

The Simpson or any other cultural reference, illustrate an application of the type of failure you have chosen. You may not choose the applications provided In the lecture notes or shown in class. Comment on ways that society attempts to Meltzer or eliminate the type of failure you have chosen. We will write a custom essay sample on The Simpsons or any similar topic only for you Order Now The Course Work project Is due to be handed up to me In my office on Thursday the 12th of January, 2012 between pm and pm. All parts carry equal marks. Word Count is a maximum of 1500 words. Please submit 2 typed copies. Assignment should be stapled in the top left-hand corner with no other binding or covers. The cover page should Include the name of the author, Student number, the type of failure you are examining, and an exact word count. Ensure the work of others is appropriately acknowledged. This assignment accounts for 8. 3% of your overall mark in ICE 104. If you fail to follow these guidelines your assignment will not be accepted. Department of Economics Policy for Missed Coursework and Late Submission The Department to Economics seeks to operate a Atari policy tort all students attending in-class examinations on specified dates and submitting assignments on time. A fair policy starts with recognizing the consideration due to students who meet these requirements. 1. Missing In-Class Examination: 1 . A zero mark will be assigned where an in-class examination is missed without remission being granted. . Permission for Absence is only granted in exceptional circumstances (see point 3 below). 2. Late Submission of Assignments: 3. To be fair to students meeting deadlines, a penalty will be implemented for the late submission of an assignment. Where work is submitted up to and including 7 days late, 10% of the total marks available shall be deducted from the mark achieved. Where work is submitted up to and including 14 days late, 20% of the total marks available shall be deducted from the mark achieved. Work submitted 15 days late or more shall be assigned a zero mark. Where feedback on assignments has been given by lecturers before this 2 week period, the lecturers will indicate the final date for the late submission, after which a zero mark is assigned. Please note the following: Saturday and Sunday count as 2 days. Late submission of assignments to either your lecturer or Student Services in the Department, can only take place during normal office hours (I. E. 9. 15-4. 30 Monday to Friday). Assignments will only be accepted when a Student Declaration form is signed and stamped by a member of the Department. 4. Assignments that are put under the door of the lecturer or Student Services will not be accepted until students sign the declaration form and it is stamped by a member of the Department. Permission for an Extension is only granted in exceptional circumstances (see point 3 below). 3. Exceptional Circumstances 5. Permission for absence from in-class examinations or assignments and permission for extensions for assignments will only be granted in exceptional circumstances (I. E. Relevant illness, bereavement or other extenuating circumstances – please note holidays in term are not classified as extenuating circumstances). Medical certificates must be submitted to Student Services in advance of the examination date/assignment deadline if possible or, at the latest, within 2 weeks of the deadline. Medical certificates will only be accepted after 2 weeks if an explanation is provided. Medical Certificates will not be accepted if your lecturer has given feedback on assignments. You are advised that, if necessary, your medical advisor may be asked to clarify your certificate. 6. The Examinations Committee of the Department of Economics will consider applications for permission for absences and extensions within 1 week of application. Where permission for absence is ranted, the mark achieved for the subject in the Summer Examination (or equivalent) will be awarded for the missed in-class examination or assignment. For example, where a module has a course work component consisting of two in-class examinations counting tort each (I. E. Summer Examination; 2 coursework) and, due to exceptional circumstances, you are granted permission for absence from one in-class examination, your final mark will be based on 90% for the Summer Examination mark and 10% for the coursework component attempted. For some postgraduate modules and for the following undergraduate modules: (Checks, Checks, Checks, Checks and Checks) the Examinations Committee may, where possible, arrange for an equivalent piece of coursework to be submitted. 7. Permission for absence is not granted for assignments (save in exceptional circumstances). An extension may be granted. The period of extension is normally 2 weeks. Where an extension for an assignment is granted, penalties for late submission will not apply for the period of the extension. Student Services http://www. USC. IEEE/USC/depth/economics/seductiveness’s/suffice/index. HTML Monday to Friday 9. 15-1. 00; and 2. 10- 4. Pm. Room 1. 02, Arras-An-Alai How to cite The Simpsons, Papers The Simpsons Free Essays string(83) " that Ashley feels pressured and is reluctant at the least to be alone with a man\." The Simpsons started as a series of shorts on the Tracy Ullman show in 1987. It was one of the first animations on prime time American television. Creator, Matt Groening constructed a revolutionary show which would later be aired in 70 different countries around the world and viewed by 15 million in the U. We will write a custom essay sample on The Simpsons or any similar topic only for you Order Now S on weekends alone. One reason for the success of The Simpsons is the way it deals with serious issues as well as humorous. For example, in the episode I am going to analyze, the main theme is about sexual harassment and femininity which are regarded as serious topics in real life. It also gets away with talking about subjects that could be considered as taboo because it is a cartoon. Such things as sex, adultery, or even the private lives of politicians or celebrities. Bart Simpson is the trouble maker of the family. He is always up to mischief and playing practical jokes on the people around him. Grafitying, prank calling Moe’s Tavern, watching the Itchy and Scratchy, idolizing Krusty the Clown and skateboarding are just a few of his hobbies. He also has a collection of phrases such as â€Å"Ay Curamba†, â€Å"Eat My Shorts†, and â€Å"Don’t Have A Cow Man†. From the credits screen of the program we see Bart having detention in a classroom which already gives viewers who have not seen the series before a little information on his character. From the start of The Simpsons you get the impression that Bart is the main character but as the many different series went on and progressed through the nineties, Homer became spotlighted and in my opinion became the main character. I think the main reason he became increasingly popular was because of the increase in his stupidity and irresponsibility. Homer’s obvious description would be; lazing around, watching television a lot, eating too much, and drinking a lot of beer (occasionally in Moe’s Tavern). Viewers will also have an immediate understanding of his character at the intro when they see him being careless by dropping some sort of nuclear object. Marge is the person that barely holds the family together. She is a compulsive cleaner and shows the typical traits of an ordinary American housewife. She is shown to be shopping in the credits screen which is a typical attribute of a housewife. Lisa is the odd one out in the family. She is in second grade and probably the most intelligent person in all of Springfield. She has the vocabulary of an intellectual woman, and she plays the saxophone like a professional. This is shown at the credits screen when she trails off into her own tune on the saxophone seeing as her knowledge for music is far greater than the other children. Maggie is quite mysterious in her way, she is always seen sucking on a dummy and falling over all the time. The credits screen at the beginning of each episode show a brief characteristic of each member of the family and certain other characters in the cartoon. The perfect satire of an American family shows them all returning from their job, school or errand to their abode not to see each other, but to watch T. V. This categorizes Americans and portrays them as being ‘couch potatoes’. Other main characters include Moe (owner of ‘Moe’s Tavern’), Barney (a regular drunkard at Moe’s, and friend to Homer), Apu (proprietor of the ‘Kwik-E-Mart’), Principal Skinner of Bart and Lisa’s school. There are a whole lot more including Millhouse (Bart’s ‘Dopey’ friend) and Chief Wiggum (the extremely gullible and unintelligent police officer) – the list goes on. Springfield is a community where everybody is associated with each other on good or bad terms. The episode I am going to analyze is ‘Homer Badman’ in which Homer is accused of sexually harassing someone and subsequently the scandal is dragged on and becomes deeply exaggerated. This episode is poking fun at quite a few things, but mainly feminism and the media. The episode starts with Homer inviting Marge to the ‘Candy Industry Trade’ and the children must therefore be looked after by a baby sitter, Ashley Grant, a feminist. A good example of a satire is directed at masculinity when Ashley pulls out a violent video game and tells Bart he may play if he does homework, he is instantly hypnotized and accepts the task. This shows that many males are addicted to violence and shows that Bart even agrees to do the least likely activity you would associate with him just to play a video game which contains violence. A rather humorous satire is demonstrated when Homer and Marge arrive at the industry, a man calls Homer over and advertises the ‘Wax Lips’ candy which has â€Å"1000 uses†. Homer is skeptical and asks what the uses are and the man states one but is unable to continue and pretends to walk down an imaginary staircase. This was a small satire on advertising because it shows people will say anything to make customers buy their products. This bears a striking resemblance to reality where people do whatever they can to sell their product but normally after it is bought and the customer asks for feedback or has any difficulties with the certain product, the person who sold it will not care because he/she has made their money. In real life it is not dissimilar, a good example would be Nike trainers that are sold worldwide and the amount of advertising it receives. The advertising normally influences the customer who then goes on to influence many with the product. When Homer and Marge escape the ‘Candy Industry Trade’ another satire is shown by a huge candy explosion illustrating how an action movie would use these type of scenes. The sound of the explosion is made to sound very realistic which normally wouldn’t be expected from a cartoon. The heart of this episode is found when Homer drives Ashley home in his car, you can tell that Ashley feels pressured and is reluctant at the least to be alone with a man. You read "The Simpsons" in category "Papers" When Ashley eventually reaches her destination, Homer reaches for her backside for the sweet that was left attached to her jeans. Due to Ashley’s femininity she takes this as a sexual attack of some sort, the episode reaches a high temperature from this point onwards. The public start harassing Homer for the fake or misunderstood accusations made by Ashley Grant. When visiting Homer at his house, he immediately assumes they are from the candy convention but realizes otherwise. After hearing their chants, he comes out to prove his innocence when a gust of wind blows his gown off revealing his naked body to the crowd which gives the impression that Homer is a streaker. They then track Homer wherever he is and try to bring shame to him which of course brings the attention to the media who then come into play. Homer’s life becomes ruined by the protesters and is looking for the help of the Lord when â€Å"God†¦ frey Jones† of the T. V show, ‘Rockbottom’ rings Homer at that precise moment claiming that they will help his problems in an interview. The exaggeration of this satire is huge because after the innocence proclaimed by Homer, the interview is edited (horribly) to make Homer look guilty, they replaced the word candy with â€Å"Can† which associates with the backside of a person in American, and splices almost of all his words (if the bad quality didn’t show how this interview was edited the clock besides Homer’s head did, which kept on changing to and fro in a moderate speed). The interview, although evidently fake was believed by everyone which was a big exaggeration to hype the whole incident up. This part of the cartoon would be more humorous to adults or older viewers because younger viewers probably wouldn’t know much about how the media works, but the animators did make it appeal to both by making Homer sound weird which would make it more humorous or funny for the younger watchers. This mounted up to the whole media being on Homer’s case, helicopters took pictures of him naked in shower curtains claiming they gave him â€Å"Sexual powers†, a short film was recreated to show Homer recklessly driving a helpless girl which of course was deeply exaggerated and even a 24 hour live coverage of The Simpsons’ household is shown to the public to disgrace him even further. All these examples show how the media want to portray Homer as crook and will do almost anything to achieve it. Homer’s friends Moe and Barney charge through the crowd of people and claim to be his â€Å"Only friends† only to announce they were to be auctioning â€Å"The real dirt† on Homer Simpson. This shows that even your closest friends can deceive you just to gain a foothold in the public eye. There is a farce on the Sally Jesse Raphael show when a group of young women weep and share their emotions on national T. V about their troubled past with Homer when it is just an act to gain more ratings and publicity. The voice of Sally Jesse Raphael sounds very life like and ‘professional’ and again sounds more like a real life television show unlike a cartoon. It also sounds serious but it’s basically a very humorous farce on that particular chat show. This may cause the viewer to think a number of things, perhaps a younger viewer would sympathize with the young women, but older viewers would know that it is all pre meditated and simply propaganda. When Homer asks for a hug from Lisa and Bart they hesitate which makes Homer question their belief in him, after they reassure him he leaves them and they run to the T. V to give it a hug and a kiss. This is a satire on the amount of kids who base all their knowledge from watching too much T. V and spending too much time with it. Homer’s last resort is public access television. He proclaims his innocence and two calls are made but one wrong number and the other a meaningless advertising call (the two phone calls sounded very realistic once again, you can see that The Simpsons was made to perfection seeing as every sound effect is purposely life like). This is satirical on Public Access T. V because its evidence that hardly anyone watches it and it is very dull. Homer, now hopeless gets paid a visit from Willie who claims he filmed him and Ashley in the car and also states that he films couples late at night and stereotypes his Scottish countrymen by saying they all do the same and somewhat portrays them as perverts. He also has a clip of the mayor committing adultery which shows that many people with high authority don’t always show their true loyalty when in private. In the end Homer is proven innocent, Rock Bottom apologize briefly along with a couple of hundred other issues. This shows that when the media get their facts wrong, they are averse to apologize or do it briefly so it will not affect their ratings. Homer finds he has learnt nothing from his experience and gives T. V a hug telling it, â€Å"Let’s never fight again†. The Simpsons can appeal to any type of audience as it contains many different degrees of comedy. Older and younger viewers can all empathize with the cartoon. Mainly older viewers relate to or find the satirical scenes entertaining such as the man advertising the wax lips, or even the short reconstruction propaganda film of Homer in the car with Ashley. There are countless others which make it so funny. The younger generation may find the more simplistic parts of the cartoon more comical such as the candy trade explosion where Homer is lifted high above his feet, which is also satirical on action films. The quantity and range of comedy and satirical scenes are immense and all are very witty which is why The Simpsons attracts a huge audience because of its mass appeal. How to cite The Simpsons, Papers

Forbidden Fruit Cocktail - An Evaluation of Persuasion free essay sample

If you have ever been tempted to do something that is completely off limits, then perhaps you can identify with the famously foolish characters of Adam and Eve and their unfortunate predicament. Yes, the story of Adam and Eve is renowned the world over and, in some religions, explains the reason why we are all cursed with imperfection and death; and it all began with a handful of well-put words. Satan the Devil, described in the book of Revelation as the â€Å"Original Serpent,† brought up some points in an attempt to undermine Eve’s loyalty to Jehovah God, and succeeded for several reasons. Satan the Devil succeeded in his persuasion of Adam and Eve because of his crafty use of emotional appeal, loaded words, propaganda, and Attacking the Person. To begin with, the first reason that Satan succeeded in persuading Adam and Eve was his use of emotional appeal. It is always painful when you feel like you have been duped and revenge is often a powerful emotion that follows. So said the Devil in Genesis 3:1, â€Å"Is it really so that God has said you must not eat from every tree of the garden?† Here he is trying to get Eve to dwell on injustices that weren’t even there. After Eve tells him that God never said that, Satan continued, â€Å"You positively will not die† if she ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and bad. Here, not only did Satan become an inventor the hooligan is referred to later as the â€Å"Father of the Lie† he was telling Eve that she had been duped. He was telling her that God had lied to her, and he did this to spark the emotions inside of her to move her to retaliate in kind. As we can see from the sorry state of the world, hell really hath no fury like a woman scorned. Next, Satan’s success in his persuasion was rooted in loaded words. When someone has a weak vocabulary, they are certainly less persuasive and not moving; sadly for us, though, it was not so with Satan. In Genesis 3:5, Satan says â€Å"For God knows that in the very day of your eating your eyes are bound to be opened and you are bound to be like God†. Satan could have easily said â€Å"you’ll be like God,† which would have had, essentially, the same meaning. Instead, however, he used the loaded word â€Å"bound,† which expresses that they will, without the shadow of a doubt, â€Å"become like God†. Using the word â€Å"bound† undoubtedly gave Eve a sense of assurance. Because of his use of loaded words, Satan succeeded in instilling a false sense of security in Eve, which lead to her inevitable downfall proved Satan all the more crafty. Thirdly, the Devil succeeded in his persuasion of Adam and Eve because of his skillful use of propaganda. The dictionary definition of propaganda is â€Å"Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.† Genesis 3:4,5 contains the biggest example of propaganda of all time. Satan knew exactly what would happen if Adam and Eve disobeyed the direct order of their heavenly father â€Å"the wages sin pays is death,† says Romans 6:23. Yet, he told her what she wanted to hear; that she would, rather, â€Å"become like God† upon eating the fruit, being able to decide for herself what was good and bad. He said that she â€Å"positively [would] not die,† and he used his propaganda to deliberately mislead Eve and, in the process, guarantee the death of all humans, â€Å"because they all had sinned.† (Romans 5:12) We know that his use of propaganda worked well, through Eve’s reactions. When he first questioned whether God had told them to eat of no trees of the Garden, she defended Jehovah’s law against the misinformation. After the Devil attempted to sway the young woman’s resolve, notice what she does in verse six of chapter three. She looked upon the tree and, suddenly, saw that it was something to be longed for to the eyes, and that â€Å"the tree was desirable to look upon.† What changed? The propaganda that Satan spat out at her had changed the way she looked upon the tree, and it wasn’t until she was caught sinning against God that she realized she had been mislead brainwashed into thinking the tree was fine to eat from. Satan obviously knew that Eve was younger than Adam, less experienced and used his propaganda upon Eve because she was more susceptible to his wily ways which means that he not only is a master of propaganda, but also Knows His Audience and that is why he was so successful in his use of persuasion a nd deception. Finally, Satan was a masterful persuader and succeeded in turning Adam and Eve against God because he Attacked the Person. If you have ever had a so-called â€Å"friend† try and persuade you to do something that you have been told not to do such as if your parents told you to be home before a certain time, or your school doesn’t allow students to just meander off campus then perhaps you are familiar with the method. â€Å"Well that’s a stupid rule,† your friend might say. Or mayhap it’ll be something like â€Å"They’re just always trying to stop you from having fun.† Either way, they are using aggressive methods to bring down the validity of someone’s argument, and in time, you may start to believe it too. Satan didn’t attack Eve, but he certainly bad-mouthed someone else even more important when he said that, upon eating the fruit, â€Å"You positively will not die. For God knows that in the very day of your eating f rom [the tree] your eyes are bound to be opened and you are bound to be like God, knowing good and bad.† Many people casually pass over this verse and, knowing that Satan was lying about the â€Å"you positively will not die† part that they don’t understand the deeper meaning behind what accusations Satan was bringing up. What was he saying? â€Å"In the very day of your eating from [the tree] your eyes are bound to be opened† He just attacked Jehovah God himself, insinuating that he was deliberately holding back good things from humanity. Next, he says that they will be like God, â€Å"knowing good and bad.† Now we are all free moral agents, able to do what is right and what is wrong at our own will, and likewise so were Adam and Eve, who, if they did not have free will, would not have been capable to betraying their God and eat of the fruit of the garden. So if it didn’t give Adam and Eve free will, what did it do? Rather than give Adam and Eve mystical powers or make them deities, it was but a declaration a declaration that was that humanity could decide for itself what was good and evil, not God. This shows that not only did Satan attack God,he also lead those he was attempting to persuade, Adam and Eve, to do the act same. Persuasion success! Yes, Satan instilled it in Adam and Eve’s minds that God’s rule was not righteous or just, but rather that Jehovah had lied to them, withheld good things from them, and that every human had a right to rule himself and decide for themselves what was right and wrong through his use of Attack the Person. So as we have just witnessed, the Devil was a crafty persuader who succeeded in turning the firstborn of humanity against their Divine instructor through the use of several methods. First, he used emotional appeal to get his prey to stop thinking logically and betray their Heavenly Father no matter the consequences or facts simply out of spite. Secondly, he used loaded words to instill in Eve a sense of assured victory. Third, he used propaganda, his false information, to deliberately cloud the mind of young Eve and allow him to fill her head with the seeds of rebellion. Finally, he Attacked the Person by saying that God was trying to push his views of right and wrong upon mankind and that humans could decide for themselves what good and evil are and turned Adam and Eve against Him. Things haven’t changed much in the last 6000 or so years since the Betrayal in the Garden of Eden, and the Devil still uses the same tactics today to make us doubt our resolve; he would be doing himself no favors by changing his tactics if they are already working. Now that we know exactly what his methods are, let us ever be determined to stay steadfast and keep ourselves from succumbing to his wily, nefarious, and persuasive ways.